The winner is unknown until he or she is chosen in a vote by other contestants during a live broadcast.
By Lynn Elber
They wagered correctly on who would be the final two contestants in both the fourth and fifth editions of “Survivor,” Bradley said. Most offshore sportsbooks accept such alternative bets, said BoDog’s Bradley.
“Throughout the history of ‘Survivor,’ many have believed they knew the outcome of the show,” Ender said. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. For the current “Survivor,” the bets in question affected the odds for contestants Jenna Morasca of Pittsburgh, Pa., and Matthew Von Ertfelda of Washington, D.C.
He wasn’t aware of any other possible legal sanctions.
Betting on events other than sports or racing is banned in Las Vegas sportsbooks, a spokeswoman for the Nevada Gaming Control Board said Thursday. Asked if BoDog might consider legal action, he replied: “It’s not something we’d want to pursue, as a matter of precedent.”
The players’ current bets on “Survivor: Amazon” have been canceled and their money refunded, Bradley said. The suspicion is they had insider knowledge, he said.
Odds will be offered on the seventh “Survivor” but all bettors will be carefully monitored, BoDog President Rob Gillespie said in a statement.. All Rights Reserved. “Some have been right, many have been wrong.”
“We’re pretty sure this is the case,” Bradley said.
“Only ‘The X-Files’ has more conspiracy theories than ‘Survivor,’” CBS spokesman Chris Ender said. Bradley said that bets taken from those alleged to be with CBS skewed the odds significantly on “Survivor” contestants.
At least two players have been identified as CBS employees and other names may be connected to the network or may be aliases, Bradley said. One person was said by BoDog to work in a “production role” for CBS.
An online sportsbook said it has dropped betting on CBS’ “Survivor” after allegedly finding that network employees were wagering – and winning – on the hit reality show.
The Costa Rica-based BoDog.com found at least two CBS employees betting on the show’s outcome, said BoDog spokesman Lance Bradley. The players in question opened accounts with BoDog before “Survivor: Marquesas,” the fourth show, and bet only on the show and no other events.
The show narrows the field to two finalists in filmed competitions. He declined further comment on the allegations, or on any action CBS might take.
Callers to the Bodog.com offices were told that wagers were no longer being accepted on “Survivor.”
BoDog requires that bettors must not have knowledge of an event’s outcome
Nonetheless, some experts think the case could be made to stick. They almost always include slots, blackjack and video poker, but many sites carry more exotic games, from baccarat to pai gow. Legislation tied to a particular technology may quickly become obsolete and require further amendment. Tony Cabot, an attorney specializing in gaming issues, says flatly, “When you see Kerry Packer get together with Microsoft, you have to believe there is a future for this type of wagering.”
It’s not because they operate in any fundamentally different way. In a highly publicized March 1998 “raid,” Mary Jo White, the U.S.
Second, legislation should be technology-neutral. Like the Communications Act passed in the 1930s, technology has now leapfrogged the law. (The company’s Indian casino and Web-development divisions make more.) “This is the really exciting point, because I know where it goes from here,” Speer said in an interview. attorney’s case involved the casinos’ sportsbooks. Even the firms that have enjoyed some stock-price popularity – such as Youbet.com – have shaky fundamentals. But as more and more traditional firms become involved, the consumer will look for the brand name. Almost all online gambling sites work the same. “And it is possible that records could be subpoenaed of various banks where these companies maintain accounts.”
But the growing acceptance of online betting and the Internet’s inherent ability to shatter jurisdictions bring the inconsistencies of American gaming law to a boil. Bets generally range from $1 to as much as $300.
Gambling is as at least as old as Christianity (that is, if Ben Hur can be trusted).
You might think that the prospect of competing against the likes of Microsoft would terrify a $20 million company like Inland. One of Microsoft (MSFT)’s less-publicized adventures is Ninemsn, an Australia-based Internet service to which Bill Gates has pledged tens of millions of dollars. Passed during the term of crime-fighter Attorney General Robert Kennedy, the law was intended to outlaw betting over telephone lines.
Take Interactive Gaming and Communications, another publicly traded company, located in Blue Bell, Pa. “We get daily reports, and you’ll see these people who spend a couple of hours gambling, and the total amount they bet is like $1.81,” says Thomas Holmes, Inland’s head of technology. The Wire Act obviously has no mention of wagering over the Internet. The Justice Department doesn’t think that online casinos (including those that offer gambling on sports events) can legally conduct business in the United States, even if they are based in places where gambling is legal. Together, these sites have about 4,300 registered customers in 96 countries around the world. . In the ’70s, Atlantic City legalized casino gambling; in the ensuing decades, state lotteries, Indian casinos, gaming ships, offtrack betting parlors and card clubs have sprouted across the landscape.
If such gamblers are not satisfied by options available to U.S. The Internet is presently unregulated and we support a federal law regulating Internet gambling.”
Internet Gambling Worldwide, Past and Future
First, legislation should treat physical activity and cyberactivity in the same way. At one point, Interactive Gaming looked like it could be an industry leader.
So how is it that these companies appear to operate legally, but a dozen Caribbean cowboys found themselves under felony indictment?
All the sites indicted by the U.S. FBI agents placed bets on games – uniformly National Football League matches, although many other options are available – and followed up, whether they won or lost. If, on the other hand, an activity is in the physical world – betting on horses, or casino betting with Indian tribes – it becomes subject to federal criminal sanction when it occurs in cyberspace. “The telephone is being used to facilitate these wagers and I believe the government has a solid case,” explains Tony Cabot, a Las Vegas-based gaming lawyer and author of a book on Internet gaming. And for sports bettors – who make up a majority of online gamblers, according to industry insiders – the ease of using cyberbookies can’t be beat. “Since there are no controls at present regarding Internet wagering, I would urge investors to shun these firms at present,” he says. college and professional sports.
Prosecutors focus on sports betting
Intriguingly, though, all the bets that make up the U.S. O’Brien observes in Bad Bet, his comprehensive account of America’s gambling industry, “Judging by dollars spent, gambling is now more popular in America than baseball, the movies and Disneyland combined.”
Is Microsoft betting too?
The potential action is too compelling for even the largest tech tycoons to resist.
But a hard-core base will continue to turn to Internet betting for its clear advantages. That figure exaggerates the size of the Internet gambling sector, since some companies operate more than one online betting parlor.
But even if Congress comes up with the best-crafted legislation in history, there are significant factors beyond its control.
The prosecutors’ focus on sports bets appears to stem from legal precedent in the law they relied on.
Finally, the DoJ believes that any federal law must recognize that the Internet is different from other communications media: It’s a multifaceted communications medium that allows for both point-to-point transmission between two parties (like the telephone), as well as the widespread dissemination of information to a vast audience (like a newspaper). Anyone over the age of 18 can set up an account with Centrebet and place money on a variety of worldwide sporting events, including U.S. That may suggest that, as some legal observers have argued, the 1961 federal Wire Act is too old and too loosely written to prohibit online gambling. “I wager on football games and usually bet in the neighborhood of $1,000 every weekend. If an activity is prohibited in the physical world but not on the Internet, the Internet becomes a safe haven for that criminal activity. His equal partner is Australian tycoon Kerry Packer of the Crown Casino in Victoria. In 1997, published reports put the total number of operating online casinos at 15. Would-be wagerers open an account with a credit card, although some sites also accept cash and cashier’s checks. The vast majority of customers will satisfy their demand for commercial gambling through less onerous and risky alternatives, such as lotteries, bingo, pari-mutuels and casinos.”
Similarly, the Las Vegas-based public company American Wagering, owner of Leroy’s Horse and Sports Place in Nevada, also operates a sports gambling site located in Canberra called MegaSports (www.megasports.com.au). Why should it be legal to bet online on a horse race in another state, but not legal to bet on a basketball game in one’s own state? If Native American tribes can establish new, legal, physical places where adults can gamble, why shouldn’t someone be able to do the same in cyberspace?
More than a year later, however, no cases have come to trial, and nine defendants have accepted plea bargains for state misdemeanor charges with no jail time. As Timothy L. He claims Inland’s Internet gambling business went slightly into the black in March, on annualized revenues of about $1 million. White’s hesitancy suggests that the law may not be as solid as she thought when she indicted. Says Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings: “You are going to feel more comfortable wagering with a Hilton than you will with Joe’s Casino.”
The original version of Kyl’s bill failed most of these tests.
Although it uses a CryptoLogic template similar to several other online casinos, Kennyrogerscasino.com may be unique in letting bettors wager as little as a penny at a time. Kyl introduced a revised version earlier this year, removing some of the more onerous and hard-to-enforce provisions. But following a 1997 indictment, the state of Missouri settled a suit against the company and its president, Michael Simone, for about $35,000. Legislators have considered enlisting Internet service providers to patrol for undesirable sites, although Internet gambling insiders consider that proposal dead on arrival. Her higher-ups in the Justice Department appear to agree. The Standard obtained a Department of Justice analysis of the bill S. Justice believes that any legislation addressing criminal misuse of computers or computer systems (including the Internet) should have three vital characteristics. The defendants, many of whom live abroad, were threatened with up to five years in prison and $250,000 fines. In most cases, this means operating out of Australia. But the travails associated with fending off lawsuits have essentially put the company out of business. Says Opel, “Bringing in the big names and established companies only adds credibility and visibility to what we’re already doing.”
Is it legal?
A few hurdles have to be cleared before such ventures can take off – beginning with the federal government.
The amount spent on Internet gambling is harder to calculate. I’ve not had problems being paid.”
But over the last several months, at least some traditional casinos have pursued the time-honored strategy of joining an Internet gambling trend that they can’t beat. Failure to account for that specificity in legislation could stifle the Internet’s growth or chill its use as a communications tool. For decades, Vegas was about the only legal option for gamblers. Today, Americans spend some $600 billion a year on legal gambling, making it by far the favored national pastime.
That partnership leads many observers to believe that an online casino – using Microsoft platforms, of course – is in the works. 474, introduced into the Senate by Arizona’s John Kyl in 1997 as the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act. But they say the more bettors, the better. Nor would it prohibit online fantasy sports leagues, online lotteries in states where they are legal, or online betting on any live horse race where it would otherwise be lawful to wager.
One major barrier to profitability is the law. The minimum amount to begin an account varies. … “I use the service because it’s convenient and I have access to it when I want,” says one online gambler. Attorney White has proceeded slowly and quietly. “Federal legislation will make it difficult but not impossible for Internet gamblers in the U.S. In November 1998, for example, a division of Hilton Hotels acquired the company that runs Centrebet, a Web and telephone sports-wagering system based in Australia (www.centrebet.com.au). has had little cooperation from any other nation.
Running an online casino carries all the usual challenges of Internet businesses, from low click-through rates to servers that fail. For one thing, gambling from one’s home allows for a variety of techniques that would get one tossed out of a regular casino. Estimates range from $650 million to $1 billion a year, worldwide – a tiny fraction of the amount spent on more traditional formats. One Australian state, Queensland, is already awarding licenses for online gambling, and others may follow soon. Inland, for example, operates two Web sites in addition to the one bearing Kenny Rogers’ likeness: Casinoaustralia.com and Goodluckclub.com. A Ninemsn spokesperson says that the site does not now offer online gambling and would not comment on future plans. About 2,000 years later, Bugsy Siegel took the concept a step further and built the Flamingo Hotel in the desert town of Las Vegas. That makes for an Internet gambling environment too porous for U.S law enforcement to plug. “Think about what would happen to Wal-Mart (WMT), General Motors or Microsoft if these companies had to continue to dodge federal roadblocks to access their customers,” says Sebastian Sinclair, senior associate at Christiansen/Cummings Associates, a management consulting firm. In 1998, the Senate passed, by a large margin, an amendment prohibiting Internet gambling, but that bill died before becoming law. Today, a roster on one “gambling portal” site lists well over 200.
Does the seeming invincibility of online gambling make it an enticing business? Jason Ader of Bear Stearns, urges caution. Their case is based on the 1961 Wire Act.
The office of U.S. Even the precise number of online casinos is hard to calculate. In January, MegaSports began taking Internet bets from Australians; it expects soon to allow global gambling on sporting events. Blackjack players can very easily count cards, or even consult odds charts; the Kennyrogerscasino.com site actually has a printable chart showing the best strategy for every possible hand of blackjack. attorney for the Southern District of New York, indicted 14 managers of six Internet companies for offering gambling on their sites. (However, an HBO sports program attempted to locate one of these ventures in Aruba, and ultimately found that the genuine server was in a residential neighborhood in Bethlehem, Pa.) And the Caribbean nations would like to keep their haven status. The American Gaming Association, a trade group of gaming firms, maintains this view regarding online wagering: “The industry has been state-regulated and we think it should remain that way. According to an analysis by Sue Schieder of Rolling Good Times, the online gambling magazine, the new legislation would not punish the casual bettor. (The company did not respond to repeated requests for an interview.)
Group calls for regulation of Net gambling
For years, another barrier to the growth of Internet gambling has been strong opposition from those most threatened by gambling sites: legal American casinos. Casino games are available on a site or via downloadable software. attorney’s office theoretically operate out of the Caribbean. But according to Inland CEO Don Speer, elusive profits need not be one of them. Packer is a man with a voracious gambling appetite. citizens, it will be increasingly tempting for them to turn to locations abroad. “Ultimately, Internet gambling operators are selling a product. to gain access to offshore sites,” says Sebastian Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings. Aruba, for one, is refusing to extradite any indicted individuals to the U.S., and thus far the U.S
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In an op-ed article for The New York Times published online on Thursday, Silver says fans should have a safe and legal way to gamble on professional games. He says new regulations would help prevent underage betting while educating those with a gambling problem about how to bet responsibly.
Sports leagues have long opposed gambling on games, claiming it creates incentives for game-fixing. It is currently only legal in Nevada; New Jersey is moving toward legalization — against the opposition of all four major pro sports leagues.
NBA Commissioner Adam Silver says it’s time for a new approach to betting on sports.
Silver says new laws would have to protect the integrity of the sports.
. He suggests a federal framework that allows states to legalize sports betting
Rocco refused but eventually he tired of having his name misspelled and mispronounced, and allowed his name to be shortened to Rocky Marciano. He even used a coat hanger to stuff money inside curtain rods.
While sportswriters criticized Marciano’s boxing shortcomings, no one criticized his character, as the following quotes show:
Marciano’s determination in the Walcott fight showed the world the new champion’s character and personality. He was undersized for a heavyweight. Marciano stepped inside and beat Walcott to the punch with a short right hand that traveled maybe eight inches. His marriage was strained. Marciano went back into training and bought a toupee. The pilot had not flown at night before, became confused by the bad weather, and attempted to land in a field rather than the Newton airport.
Rocky was an old school Catholic. At the time many children died of pneumonia, but Rocco eventually recovered, and Lena kept her promise.
Marchegiano went to New York and met Al Weill, a boxing manager who tried to Americanize his name. He backed Walcott into the ropes. Or the estrangement may have developed over Rocky’s running, which may have sprung from a preoccupation with money. Until Rocco put Brockton on the national map, his hometown was best known for its shoe factories. The champion was Jersey Joe Walcott, a ring veteran most experts picked to beat Marciano easily. When he wasn’t playing sports he was running and exercising.
Rocky was generous with people who were down and out, often giving them unsecured loans that were rarely paid back. A few minutes later she came out complaining: “What is he, crazy? He didn’t want anything to do with me.” Marciano seemed more comfortable in the company of clergy than actresses. Once he hit a man so hard he almost killed him. She smoked too, and developed a glandular problem. They had one daughter, but Barbara miscarried when Rocky was away, and wasn’t able to have any more children, although the two did adopt a boy (Rocky Jr.). At the last minute Rocky decided to squeeze in an appearance at a steak house in Des Moines, Iowa. He would interrupt his training schedule to attend Mass. His friends said the only thing Rocky was afraid of was being poor. He was famous, successful, and well thought of.
Maybe Rocky ran to avoid an estranged relationship with Barbara. On those occasions Rocco reached opponents with his right hand, however, they fell down and didn’t get up.
Marciano died without a will. Walcott’s experience kept Marciano off-balance and sometimes made him look ridiculous. Walcott collapsed to the canvas and was counted out. He made sure the people who invited him paid for everything.
“In this age of the anti-hero and the non-hero, Rocky Marciano was the hero with whom the mass of Americans could readily identify, the hero who surmounted all difficulties by dint of hard work, dedication and perseverance. Once, as a joke, the reigning sex symbol, Jayne Mansfield, was smuggled into a room where Marciano sat, alone. He golfed with priests, helped promote parish functions, even lunched with Cardinal Spellman. Life magazine called him “pure of speech” and “a clean living boy.” He was elsewhere described as “astonishingly innocent,” and “totally without deception, totally without guile.” He didn’t drink or smoke; in fact, when a host at a party for Marciano in Brockton offered the champ a drink, Rocky replied, “If you don’t mind, I’ll take an apple.”
After serving as a GI in World War II, Rocco played minor league baseball. Although he enjoyed being champion, Marciano remained unchanged. He was awkward in the ring. They all lived in a two bedroom apartment. Walcott bounced off and threw a hard left hand. Sometimes he would cover his chin and hands with St. The pilot landed the plane in a field in Newton, Iowa, and rammed into a lone tree in the middle of the field. Rocky Marciano was champion.
He rarely saw his wife and children; or his parents, brothers, and sisters. The sparring film would be spliced together to match the computer outcome of the fight – a closely guarded secret that would not be revealed until “The Superfight” aired in theaters.
He was born Rocco Francis Marchegiano (Mark a-jahn-o) on September 1, 1923, the second son (the first died shortly after childbirth) of Pierino and Lena Marchegiano, first generation Italian immigrants who came to America after the first World War. Anthony before his first title fight, read The Confessions of St. Ali complained about his ‘loss’, alleging the computer was made in Alabama.
Everett M. Rocky seemed too busy to be home.
The doctor was wrong. He would never be a classic boxer, but he worked unceasingly at improving his craft, and trained relentlessly. The nicest thing about being champ, he said, “is that people like you.” Everyone but boxing experts, who found Rocky’s style too crude to suffer. Augustine before defending his title, and said: “The biggest thrill I could think of would be an audience with the pope?”
Five months after Marciano’s death “The Superfight” debuted in theaters. Rocky kept coming, even after Walcott knocked him down, closed his left eye, and opened cuts on his face that required fourteen stitches to close.
Perhaps it was his simplicity that allowed him to retire after beating everyone worth fighting. Marciano spent hours at his opponent’s hospital bed, and in church praying for the man’s life. An obituary in his home state of Massachusetts read:
In 1976 Sylvester Stallone began his “Rocky” franchise. Jude’s oil while in his corner waiting for the start of that fight.
* * *
On August 31, 1969, Marciano planned to interrupt his business circuit and fly back to Florida to celebrate his forty-sixth birthday with his family. Rocco slept in the living room with the windows open, even in the winter, as if in defiance of his bout with pneumonia.
His upbringing was steeped in Italian customs and traditions. His parents loved opera, ate Italian food, and had wine with dinner. Ali later said that Marciano punched so hard he was sore for days after. He was invited to the White House to meet the President. The 1963 issue of Boxing Illustrated claimed: “Marciano’s knockout blow packs more explosive energy than an armour-piercing bullet and represents as much energy as would be required to spot lift 1000 pounds one foot off the ground.” Although this sort of ‘science’ was probably conducted by zealous Marciano fans, it is undeniably true that Rocky hit really hard.)
As he continued to successfully defend his title, Marciano gradually drew respect from critics. He knocked out nine of his early opponents in the first round.
Which heavyweight boxing champion in the last century knelt on his knees to pray to St. He said if the man died he would quit fighting. As a boy Rocco was preoccupied with his physical condition. At the time boxing was a diversion, a way to make a few bucks to help out his family. Lena’s doctor said she could have no more children; this put a fine edge on her concern for Rocco’s health.
Outwardly Marciano’s life after boxing was quite successful – unlike many fighters, he kept his money and his wits. He boarded a small, single engine Cessna. One sportswriter said Marciano brought the “austere, sackcloth-and -ashes approach of a monk” to his training. Asked about his reaction when flying shrapnel hit his jaw and snapped off some teeth, Pierino replied, “I just spit them out and kept coming.”
Rocky ran from an early age. Yet his retirement years revealed a man who seemed simple, but often was not.
Marciano was “a kind and decent man.”, He was “inherently a decent, righteous and truly wonderful guy…His innate decency and wholesomeness shine through in a dedicated glow.” Or: “We never cease to be amazed at the humility of Rocky Marciano…he treats everyone if they were the celebrity and he the awed little guy.” Another writer called him “probably the humblest of heavyweight champions.” Said another: “He reminds you of a great, friendly collie …with the grin of a shy fellow happy to be recognized, at last, as a member of the gang in good standing.” He was “the gentlest athlete I have ever known,” and again: “a man of simplicity and sincerity.”
Lena prayed to St. Then Rocky and Ali sparred 70 rounds for the camera, simulating different endings to the fight. It was an incredible run. Rocky hadn’t fought or trained for fourteen years. There was bad weather and the plane ran low on gas. Before the fight Marciano met with a priest, who after their meeting said: “That boy is no ordinary prizefighter, he is one of the most dignified, straightforward people I have ever met in my life. Rocco inherited his father’s toughness, for he survived a deadly bout of pneumonia when he was two. The computer’s result: Marciano knocked out Ali in the thirteenth round. Then he was cut from the Chicago Cubs farm system. He retained his public life, crisscrossing across the country to give speeches, participate in benefits, and conduct business. Barbara missed Rocky, and drank too much. Anthony for her son’s recovery, promising to give up her diamond engagement ring if Rocco recovered. It hit Walcott’s jaw with the sound of a baseball bat. Equally unique, Marciano never came out of retirement to challenge subsequent champions, a temptation very few ex-champions have overcome, much less succeeded at.
After knocking out an old Joe Louis, Rocky got a title shot. He didn’t trust lawyers or accountants, and preferred to deal in cash. He had no boxing skills. Rocky slowly became a better boxer, but it was his punching power that kept him undefeated. Yet he used a wire to try to get coins back he used to make telephone calls. The people of the world should be informed of this boy’s character and personality.” . And Brockton loved him right back, at least in part because many of them became rich betting on Rocky’s fights.
Russell Sullivan, Rocky Marciano, The Rock of His Times, 2002, University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.
He and Lena settled in Brockton, a small city twenty miles south of Boston. She and her friends prayed the Rosary at the child’s bedside and waited. Pierino’s exposure to mustard gas during combat changed his life, but not his toughness. He was a near-classic example of the triumph of classic virtues (Boston Herald Traveler, September, 1969).”
Rocky’s last big payday was a computerized fight with Muhammed Ali in 1969. And he could be incredibly tight with a buck. Marciano’s body was found pinned beneath the wreckage. Rocky was a brawler. After the Rock retired he kept running.
The answer: Rocky Marciano, heavyweight boxing champion from 1952 to 1956, when at age thirty-three he retired with a perfect record (49-0, with 43 knockouts). Rocco was in his twenties, when most fighters hit their peak. Skehan, Rocky Marciano, Biography of a First Son, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1977.
An investigation into the crash of the Cessna in NewtonIowa cited pilot inexperience as the cause of the crash. His fanaticism about physical conditioning, along with his determination and punching power, led to an unequalled record for a heavyweight champion: forty-nine professional wins, no defeats, forty-three victories by knockout. Even as champion he came to the ring in a robe bearing the colors of BrocktonHigh School (even though he dropped out in the tenth grade). The pilot and his two passengers were instantly killed. Rocky never wrote anything down, he tried to keep track of his loans in his head, and sometimes forgot who owed him, and how much. Rocky didn’t trust banks, either, so he hid his cash: in the ground, inside toilet tanks, in light fixtures. The famous sportswriter Jimmy Cannon observed that Marciano trained “like a man practicing a holy ritual.” Before fights he would slip away to a church or chapel to pray. There would be good food, a nice check for a few words, and still enough time to fly back for his birthday. Several opponents quit boxing after being knocked out by Marciano. Ali was in retirement too, after having his title stripped for refusing the draft. Rocky always apologized, but the fouling continued.
Marciano’s character was on display in his first fight with Walcott, which was a classic. The man recovered, but never fought again.
(An experiment was performed on Rocky’s punching power. He usually didn’t pay anything for his cross-country trips: no plane fare, hotel fare, or meals. Although he left thousands (some claim hundred of thousands) of dollars stashed away or buried underground, none of it was found to aid Barbara and the children, who were impoverished after Rocky’s death.
Not that there is anything particularly Catholic about being a teetotaler. It’s just that Marciano, though intelligent, was a very simple man who never forgot where he came from. Rocco’s biggest limitation was arms so short they were almost stubby. He even had a role in a movie. The Marchegiano’s had five more children after Rocco: Alice, Connie, Elizabeth, Louis, and Peter. It is difficult to win a fight when you can’t reach your opponent. Yet even after he had enough money Rocky went after more. He hit his opponents on the break, after the bell, and below the belt. His wife, Barbara, was unable to have the large family Rocky wanted. Stallone credited Chuck Wepner’s losing effort in a fight with Muhammed Ali as the inspiration for the film, yet the similarities of Rocky Balboa to Rocky Marciano are numerous and obvious.
Far behind on points late in the fight, Rocky needed a knockout to win