Negative Effects of Gambling

It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. The two go hand in hand. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.

? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. ? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy

Teams Most Likely to Win

They have won the most titles till date, but the main factor in their favor this time is home advantage. They are ranked 3rd, and not without reason.

Fixtures

6

Recife

(Arena Pernambuco)

Capacity

46,000

Fixtures

5

Group C

Fixtures

4

So, who do you think will win the World Cup? Vote for your favorite team in the poll below.

Belo Horizonte

(Estádio Mineirão)

Capacity

62,500

Outside Chance

Netherlands, England, and France are three teams who have the potential to win the most coveted trophy in soccer, but more often than not falter just before the final hurdle. They have won 3 World Cups, ranked 2nd, and going by their current form, they look like the team to beat. Nevertheless, keep an eye on them too throughout the tournament. In short, they’ll be unnoticed at the start, but make their presence felt more and more as the tournament progresses. And then there is Argentina, who have won this tournament twice. The only other time the tournament was held on their shores, they were runners-up. Let’s have a look at where the matches are being held, the 8 different groups, and the top contenders for the coveted title of FIFA World Champions 2014.

(12 Host Cities, 32 Participating Nations, 64 Matches)

Punching Bags

Without naming the rest, let’s face it, they hardly stand a chance of winning the World Cup. Cristiano Ronaldo is currently the best footballer in the world, and he will be more than keen to take his team right through the tournament and make champions out of them.

Natal

(Arena das Dunas)

Capacity

42,000

Salvador

(Arena Fonte Nova)

Capacity

56,000

Fixtures

5

Group F

Group G

Fixtures

6

Fortaleza

(Estádio Castelão)

Capacity

65,000

2014 World Cup Favorites

Group H

Group E

Group D

São Paulo

(Arena Corinthians)

Capacity

68,000

Group B

Venues

Fixtures

7

Brasília

(Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha)

Capacity

70,000

Fixtures

7

Fixtures

4

Curitiba

(Arena da Baixada)

Capacity

44,000

Copa do Mundo da FIFA Brasil 2014

The Brazilian Samba!

Brazil has appeared in each and every World Cup, having won it 5 times, more than any other nation.

INDEX

Fixtures

6

Fixtures

4. They are the defending champions, besides also winning the Euro championships-the only team to achieve this feat.

? GROUPS & ODDS

? PREDICTIONS

? VENUES

2014 will see the 20th edition of the FIFA World Cup, a tournament which started way back in 1930. Football, also known as soccer, is the most popular sport on the planet, with a fan base of 3.5+ billion people worldwide.

Serious Contenders

Italy is one team that can go all the way here. Half the planet will be tuned in to the extravaganza, which is the most watched sports tournament in the world. Besides, they are the current number 1 ranked side in the world, and since quite some time, may I add. This does not mean that they will just come and go! Mind you, some are more than capable of beating the best, but only on their day.

Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is solely for entertainment and information purposes, and does not in any way promote the concept of betting.

Group A

Rio de Janeiro

(Estádio do Maracanã)

Capacity

77,000

Fixtures

4

Manaus

(Arena Amazônia)

Capacity

42,500

Cuiabá

(Arena Pantanal)

Capacity

43,000

Fixtures

6

Porto Alegre

(Estádio Beira-Rio)

Capacity

51,000

Favorites

Brazil has to be one of the favorites for this World Cup. The Dark Horse

No one might give them much of a chance, but Portugal is definitely a dark horse capable of pulling off the unexpected. Spain has as good a chance for 2 very good reasons. Germany too are right up there as favorites. They have won the World Cup 4 times, only second to Brazil, and know what it takes to reach the top

Casino-Gaming :: What Percentage Of Races Does The Favorite Horse Win?

However, let us say that the race has just six runners, then you have a 1 in 6 chance of winning. And do not forget, the horse still has a chance of winning too. Often the odds on the horse most likely to win is poor. However, bookmakers/tracks usually only offer poor odds if you bet place or show on such a horse. In this case a favorite will place almost 100% of the time.

Why does the horse predicted to place actually wins so many races? Maybe because the favorite usually only wins 1 in 3 races. Thus, I suggest that you limit yourself to horse races with either 6 or 9 horses running to have the best chance of winning.. Therefore, it is statistically speaking, a bad race to bet on.

As a general rule, the favorite will win about 1/3 of the time, but what is amazing is how often the favorite will place, especially when less than half of the field is 5-1 or lower. Remember, that your horse only has to come in the first three in a six or nine horse race for you to come away with a profit. In a race with 20 runners you have a 1 in 20 chance of picking the winner. I suggest that you choose horse races with nine runners and 1/4 odds on the first three, or six runners with 1/4 odds on the first two. If the odds are less than 4/1, then I suggest passing such a horse race. Of course, if you placed a win bet and the horse does win, then you will come away with lots of money. Thus, you can see that the fewer the runners there are, the better your chances of winning.

In my opinion, the secret of winning on the horses is to look at the statistics. In 2 out of 3 races some other horse wins.

Thus, the question asked is if you should bet on the horse most likely to win? Sometimes the answer to this is “no”. The key point: is stay away from horse races where there are lots of runners!

If the horses just below the favorite have better odds, such as 4/1, 5/1 or better; then place your bet on those horses. Look at the odds being offered and if they are better on the second or third horse, then go for it.

In a race with only six horses running, you have a 1 in 6 chance of picking a winner. Of course, this is providing that you placed a place or show bet. The reason being that the odds are often better than the favorite winning the race. In order to win a horse race, you might want to predict the winner by using statistical calculations instead. Remember, when you use this system, you are making your predictions on the odds. You really need odds of at least 4/1 to win anything if the horse that you bet on places second or third. Thus, place your bet around 20 minutes to race time.

As one can see, it often is better to bet on a horse you think is going to place. For this reason, I do not always place my money on the horse that is predicted to win

Casino-Gaming :: Video Poker Machines – How to pick the right machine and win.

Perfect play is considered while playing all the odds so you get the best cards dealt to you at the right time and making the right decisions while playing.

However, there is one sure way to have the best odds when playing slot machines at a casino. Typically you can find the higher payback video poker machines on a bar top in the casino, but this is not always the case. The best bet is the newer multi-game platform video pokers. Video Poker Slots are the best odds game for a player that enjoys the personal confines of a slot machine, not a blackjack or poker table. It is a 31 game touch screen with all the classic video poker games, several slot games, keno games and blackjack.

Just because you are playing video poker with a 97% payback or higher, doesn’t mean you will win, it just helps increase your odds of winning.

You also need to remember that a machine with a payback percentage of 100% or any percent is based on perfect play. If you can, stay away from these machines.

The IGT PE Plus multi-game video poker is a five game video poker. Find a single deck video poker slot machine.

The best possible payout would be what is called a 10-7 video poker slot machine. It will show you what the odds of the game are by looking at the “Full House” and the “Flush” payouts. This is a payback percentage of 100%. . There are many different types of machines that you can purchase. But when looking for a video poker machine, you need to look for the best odds machine which will be found in the video poker legend.

How do you win at the casino? The best answer is to not play or to buy a used video poker machine for your home game room. For in home use, they offer ample poker choices and in many cases slots, keno and blackjack to keep you interested.

Another way to enjoy playing video poker is to purchase a used video poker slot machine. Choose from IGT PE Plus, Bally Game Makers, and IGT Game Kings. But the IGT Game King is aptly named and is the King of all the video poker machines. Get all of your classic video poker games with this slot machine. More likely to be found are the 9-6 video pokers or less. It is a very stable platform and is becoming popular oversees because of its age. That is a 10 is next to the “Full House” and a 7 next to the “Flush” on the legend.

The single game video pokers are becoming outdated and hard to find repair parts for. You only want to pay attention to these two indicators when one coin is registered. A Bally Game Maker is a 10 game touch screen platform where you can mix, slots, table games and keno. Most of these are multi game video poker plus some extra games.

The legend is found just above the cards on the screen. A 9-6 video poker slot machine is around 99% payback while the 8-5 are 97.3%

How Jack Johnson Destroyed the Color Barrier

His competitive spirit was still alive, and he did not want another black fighter eclipsing his career. At 6 feet 6 inches and 235 pounds, Willard was much larger than Johnson. He was the hardest puncher in the last fifty years…I think his left hook was even more effective than  (Jack) Dempsey’s.”

Jack toughened up more working at the docks in Galveston. Johnson was prosecuted for a law that was not in effect at the time of his actions. After he did his time he returned to boxing. The hype for the fight was enormous. Jack Johnson was fearless. Jack turned the focus of his public campaign against the new champion, Canadian Tommy Burns. But many blacks were critical of Jack for rubbing his victory into white faces because this incited violence against Johnson’s own people.

Johnson had also committed two sins: publicly beating a white man, and bragging about it. Famed as a defensive tactician, Johnson could punch hard with both hands. Johnson frequented brothels and cavorted with prostitutes of both races, but reserved his marriage vows to white women – he said he had been married to black women and they had mistreated him.

Much later in his career, Jack Johnson would compare Choynski’s power to the legendary power of Jim Jeffries:

“Jeffries number one? No sir. Soon a crowd gathered. Other activities included acting on stage, driving gaudy colored sports cars, dabbling in jazz bands, and running nightclubs. Both men were freed on the condition they left town. He was buried in an unmarked grave next to the graves of two of his wives: Etta Duryea Johnson and Irene Pineau.

Burns earned his money. All tried to fight Johnson, and all were avoided by the champ. Choynski was generous with his experience, sharing with Johnson the nuances of ring strategy, how to fight tactically, and how to turn defense into offense.

“I won from Mr. A master counter puncher, Johnson would lure his opponent into letting his hands go, block the blows, and then rain down merciless counterpunches. 

The intent of the law was to protect young women coming from rural areas to work in large cities from being exploited, kidnapped, and trafficked in prostitution. He was energetic and worked a variety of other jobs. Ali said: “That’s my story. He had made history.

Johnson’s first professional loss was a turning point in his career, because he got to share a jail cell with Joe Choynski for twenty-three days. He was romantically linked to everyone from Mata Hari to Mae West. He met up with his wife, another (former) prostitute known as Lucille Cameron, in Montreal. As an adult he discovered how many people disagreed.

Choynski saw Johnson’s physical prowess and innate ability, and helped Jack realize how important defense was to a fighter. Johnson’s words added fuel to the fire. Jack learned to read and write, and worked odd jobs to support his family.

Jack Johnson was a hero to American blacks. Johnson had trouble finding fights in France due to his status as a convicted criminal. Everyone Johnson knew was dirt poor. With no pretensions to maintain, blacks and whites co-existed, and learned to help each other make it through the grind of day to day survival. Willard’s body shots and the heat overcame the champion and he was knocked out in the 26th round.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/305329/Jack-Johnson

Jack was born in Galveston, Texas, and grew up playing with black and white children. Johnson held the title for five years. White man hasn’t forgotten that fool nigger with his white women, acting like he owned the world.”  

The Great White Hope, Howard Sackler’s 1967 theater dramatization of Jack Johnson’s life. 

In 1921 Jack Johnson turned himself into American authorities and was imprisoned for his Mann Act conviction. . He was a gamer who gave even champions all they could handle in the ring.

eshttp://espn.go.com/gen/s/bhm2001/jackjohnson.htmlpn.com Black history month -= Wednesday, January 24, 2001, Jack Johnson (title) 

Ward, Geoffrey C. It was reported that Burns finally agreed to fight Johnson when he was guaranteed a payday of $30,000 – a kingly sum at the time.

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, a documentary by filmmaker Ken Burns based on the nonfiction book of the same name by Geoffrey C. Houses and businesses were looted and burned. He stopped at a diner in a small town near Raleigh to have lunch. Jack ducked perhaps the three best boxers (black or white) of his time: Sam Langford, Joe Jeanette, and Harry Wills. Jack became more confident, and a defiant cockiness emerged – a trait that would follow him during his boxing career and public life.

Johnson’s life draws mixed reactions from his own people. When Louis got a title shot against the reigning champ, Irishman Jim Braddock, Johnson offered to train Braddock. Give me Joe Choynski anytime. An all white jury quickly found Johnson guilty. His was a very public life, ushering in the idea of an athlete as a celebrity as well as a champion. His left hand was a corker. It was clear that Johnson fought hard but lost to a younger, stronger man.

By 1902 Johnson was an up-and-coming heavyweight on the California circuit with 27 wins (he actually fought well over fifty fights, but many were ‘off the books’). . He always remembered Choynski’s remark: “A man who can move like you should never have to take a punch.” Later Johnson attributed much of his success to what he learned from Joe Choynski.

March 31 1878 is the birth date of John Arthur “Jack” Johnson, who became the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. Joe Jeanette accused Jack Johnson of drawing the color line against his own people.

Jack was a frail boy who was protected by his two older daughters. He made no concessions to the racial ideas of his time: be it from his own people or from whites.

On June 10 1946, Johnson was driving his sports car in North Carolina. He took a brutal beating from Johnson, who punished the champion for fourteen rounds. I faced both and should know. Johnson sped off angrily down Highway 1 until a violent collision with another vehicle  ended his life at age sixty-eight. 270, 2010; Arizona Legal Studies Discussoin Paper NBo 10-009. Jeffries was finally persuaded to return to the ring and set things right.

It wasn’t close. But in the end the fight was a dud. All were champions in the colored heavyweight division. His opponent was an American named jess Willard. Johnson hopped the rails to Denver, where he joined a training camp. His successor, President Obama, has also refused to issue a pardon, and his administration states it is unlikely that Obama will change his mind. 

Sources 

International Boxing Hall of Fame, Joe Choynski. That’s my story.”

http://www.cyberboxingzone.com/boxing/jjohn.htm 

In the last years of Johnson’s career another African American heavyweight boxer rose to prominence. See http://ssrn.com/abstract=1563863 

http://www.biography.com/people/jack-johnson-9355980 

The trial was manifestly unfair. Jack Johnson was the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. Johnson, on the other hand, was accused of ducking talented black heavyweight Sam Langford. But after the Jeffries fight, Johnson’s reign as champion was marred by legal problems, a flight from the country, a life of exile, and countless controversy.

Johnson took Louis’ career as a supreme insult. He won his first fight at the age of twelve, fighting back against another child who was bullying him. He bet against Louis and criticized him publicly. In 1912 Johnson was accused of violating the White Slave Traffic Act of 1910. The two fought once, and Johnson was given the decision. He lived his life so large, in and out of the ring, that he was called “the most notorious African-American on Earth.”

Jeffries retired without fighting Johnson. I never changed my mind at any time. On February 25 1901 Choynski and Johnson had a fight.

The “Great White Hope” came out of retirement to fight champion Jack Johnson in what was called “The Fight of the Century.” Jeffries declared: “I feel obligated to the sporting public at least to make an effort to reclaim the heavyweight championship for the white race. District Attorney prosecute Johnson. I should step into the ring again and demonstrate that a white man is king of them all.”. Choynski had fought all the champions of the day: John L. There were race riots across the country. Then he moved to California and started fighting in earnest.

Johnson was the first son (and third child of nine) born to  Henry and Tina “Tiny” Johnson, two former slaves who both worked blue collar jobs as a janitor and a dishwasher to support their children and put them through school. Burns won an Emmy Award for his direction.

Sometimes he was intentionally outrageous, like the time he walked a pet leopard while sipping champagne. Then film of the fight was shown. Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.New York: A.A. Property was destroyed. African American scholar Booker T. Shreiber, who was bitter over being dumped by Johnson, was all too happy to help the U.S. Although only a light heavy weight (170 pounds), Choynski’s courage and ferocious punching power more than made up for height and weight disadvantages. His official record was 79-8 with 46 knockouts. His name was Joe Louis, and he studiously avoided any possible resemblance to Jack Johnson. Dozens of blacks were killed, and some whites.

But poverty is a great leveler of races. Johnson later said he did not experience racism growing up, which some might find unusual for a black child growing up in the South in the nineteenth century.

In the 1960′s Muhammed Ali saw a play about Jack Johnson’s life. Jeffries was totally outclassed by Johnson, who knocked out the former champion in the fifteenth round.

After the fight Johnson was outspoken:

Blacks (or coloreds, as they were known at the time) were also critical of Johnson’s preference for white women. You take out the issue of white women and replace it with the issue of religion. He won a few fights and got mouthy about his talent. Public (white) outcry turned to Jim Jeffries, living a quiet retirement on his alfalfa farm. Ali had lost his champtionship and his boxing license and was battling the federal government over his refusal to fight in Vietnam on religious grounds. The next year Johnson won what was called the World Colored Heavyweight Championship. Jeffries had a powerful wallop, but Choynski had a paralyzing punch. The champion had a string of very public affairs with white actresses and personalities. The two sailed to France. On June 4, 1913, Johnson was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison.

Johnson was boisterous in his demands to fight the white heavyweight champion, Jim Jeffries. The outcome was never in doubt. Willard was a working cowboy who came to boxing late. It was very hot, and midway through the 45 round match Johnson began laboring. Washington said:

After three weeks bail was reduced to an affordable level. The press advanced all sorts of theories why whites were better than blacks. Ward (2004). Bush refused to issue a pardon. The Mann Act (named for Illinois Congressman James Mann) prohibited interstate transportation of  a “woman or girl for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral purpose.” Thus a very wide net was cast to allow prosecution of (mostly) men for most manners of sexual relations – even consensual sex.

Orbach, Barak, The Johnson-Jeffries Fight and Censorship of Black Supremacy, July 22 2010, NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. He refused to ever fight Langford again, despite numerous demands to do so.

“It is unfortunate that a man with money should use it in a way to injure his own people, in the eyes of those who are seeking to uplift his race and improve its conditions, I wish to say emphatically that Jack Johnson’s actions did not meet my personal approval and I am sure they do not meet with the approval of the colored race.”

Johnson’s last defense of his title was in 1915 at a racetrack in Havana, Cuba. Print.PG18. 

The first controversy was Johnson’s refusal to give other African American boxers a shot at his title. Braddock declined, and was knocked out by Louis in 1937.

Later Jack claimed he threw the fight in a deal to avoid the Mann Act conviction. *    *    *

Johnson went through a seeming revolving door of women. Yet he chose to fight defensively and counter punch, letting Johnson do all the leading. Before I entered the ring I was certain I would be the victor. Jack’s early experience led him to believe there was no difference between black people and white people except skin color. This annoyed the boxing establishment in Galveston, who invited veteran boxer Joe Choynski to Galveston to shut Johnson up. That was how he started boxing. The term “any other immoral purpose” allowed prosecution of just about anyone (from Charlie Chaplin to Charles Manson) for just about anything.

 The sheriff allowed Johnson and Choynski to spar every afternoon. The venerable Nat Fleischer, publisher of Ring Magazine and guru on all things boxing, named Jack Johnson the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

In 2014 Senator John McCain continued a ten year campaign to secure a posthumous presidential pardon of Jack Johnson for his Mann Act conviction, on the grounds that the conviction was racially motivated and “diminished the athletic, cultural, and historical significance of Jack Johnson, and unduly tarnished his reputation.”

The larger controversy was a legal one. . Boxing was illegal in Texas, and in much of the country, although enforcement varied greatly from state to state.

Only eight years after his death Jack Johnson became a charter member of the Boxing Hall of Fame. Sullivan, “Gentleman” Jim Corbett, Robert Fitzsimmons, and the reigning champ, Jim Jeffries. The restaurant refused to serve him because of the color of his skin. After losing seven of his last nine fights Jack officially hung up the gloves at age sixty.

Johnson was now a fully developed man: six foot one inch tall, 200 pounds, with well developed muscles, very dark skin, a shiny bald head, and a mouthful of gold teeth. Then the war broke out, and the Johnson’s sailed away from Europe.

The Mann Act was used to prosecute Jack Johnson for his relationship with a white prostitute named Belle Schreiber. 8, p.  As if on cue the Texas Rangers appeared, arrested the two fighters and threw them in jail. While an appeal of Johnson’s conviction was pending, Jack disappeared. Choynski beat Johnson up and knocked him out in the third round. This claim was contradicted by the news that Johnson bet $2500 on himself to win the fight. He was a busy champion, defending his title seventeen times against most of the black heavyweights of his time.

This is high praise from a man many boxing experts consider the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

Betting odds were unanimously in Jeffries’ favor. Johnson made intelligent use of the press to generate publicity for his fights. Trainer Jack Blackburn warned Louis: “If you really ain’t gonna be another Jack Johnson, you got some hope. The documentary was initially broadcast on PBS on January 17 and 18, 2005. He was quoted in the press as accusing Jeffries of ducking him. Jeffries’ blows had no steam behind them, so how could he hope to defeat me?”

President George W. Most of his losses came at the end of his career. http://www.ibhof.com/pages/about/inductees/oldtimer/choynski.html 

Whites were by turn devastated and infuriated by the result of the fight. His best punches were his left jab and uppercuts. He never fought for the championship again but had a long career, fighting professionally until 1938. Jeffries because I outclassed him in every department of the fighting game. Johnson toyed with Burns, taunting him, hitting him with a barrage of punches, then catching Burns before he hit the floor, holding him up so he could punish him some more. Knopf, 2004

i-Sportsbook.com Awarded Best Sportsbook

Over the past 10 years, i-Sportsbook.com has carved out a dynasty among the online sports betting world. I-Sportsbook.com takes a customer-first approach, creating an unparalleled online betting experience.

While the sports betting industry has seen some changes, i-Sportsbook.com has experienced unprecedented growth. In the extremely competitive industry of online sports betting, sportsbooks have come and gone. Placing a sports wager on an online sportsbook that has slow pay-outs or poor customer service is something every sports fan tries to avoid. bettors, i-Sportsbook.com has continued to implement options in an effort to continue serving its members. For the past decade, i-Sportsbook.com has solidified its relationship with their customers by setting the standards in these values. Built on trust, strength, and tradition, i-Sportsbook.com has continued on its commitment as the definitive American sportsbook.

The online gaming industry is one of the world’s fastest growing industries on the Internet, rivaling even the most traditional of industries. Even though many online sportsbooks have cut off U.S. adults place at least one wager with 35% of male college students betting on sports. Studies indicate that 7 out of 10 U.S. Online sports wagering veteran, i-Sportsbook.com has recently received its well-deserved recognition as a powerhouse in the gaming industry by winning the award for Best Overall Sportsbook by Gambling Online Magazine.. Trust, reliability and stability are among the biggest concerns for individuals who place bets on online sportsbooks. Sticking with a sportsbook that has been around for a while certain has its advantages. With online gaming sites being criticized for their lack of commitment to the American market, i-Sportsbook.com has built 10 years of trust and dedication to their loyal customers in the United States.

Online sports betting megacorp, i-Sportsbook.com wins Gambling Online Magazine award for “Best Overall Sportsbook”.

It’s hard enough choosing which sports teams to bet on. These days, not only is online sports betting entertaining, it has become a part of mainstream culture

Hockey Betting Guide

Once you have them down, start to expand your horizons. Good Luck.

. Your end of the road profit can be evaporated if you buy just one sports pick at $25. Streaks can continue for a long time and they will continue until they are over. Don’t worry about how many games a team has won or lost in any situations. Most sports bettors don’t think about this. There’s a good deal of money to be made in betting on hockey. Let’s say 100, which is generally one a day or so. If you do this, you are making the sports handicapper money–not yourself.

Point Two: Money Management

No, I am not trying to be Mr. Today, I will go over a few hockey betting pointers. Decide how much you are willing to lose for the whole season. Doing so will eat away any profit you made. Better yet, decide how much money you will bet per game and stick to it. What I mean by this is don’t second guess yourself. Betting is an ever-evolving process. Bet $10 every time you make a wager.

Point Three: Buying Sports Picks

By: Sebastien Veilleux -

Hockey can be exciting to watch. The season is filled with betting opportunities. Let’s say that amount is $1,000. If you are a smaller player, you should never buy sports picks. Some hockey bettors second guess themselves and end up losing more times than they win. Next, decide how many bets you want to play at a minimum. Most of these services are quite pricey. It’s pretty simple from here on out. Here’s an easy way to do it.

Author is an sport betting editor at SportsGamblingReview.com, an online sportsbook review site. Use these to give yourself a better shot at cashing in winning tickets.

Point One: Pick the Winner

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Start with these three hockey betting tips to get on the road to winning. What makes it even more exciting is betting on it. He blogs on NHL hockey betting.

The world is full of “pro” sports handicappers willing to sell you their winners. $1,000 divided by 100 is $10. They simply rush out to win for that day. Let’s say you are a $10 player and bet 100 times at a 53% winning percentage. Your betting unit is $10. Don’t get fooled. Obvious. Even if you are not a wild hockey enthusiast, having a wager on a hockey game will make it worth watching. Never bet more than you can afford to lose. Simply decide which team is better and throw your money down.

Speaking of money, here’s an important point

Interesting Horse Facts

According to a study by Deloitte Consulting LLP for the American Horse Council Foundation done in 2005, 2 million Americans own a horse. So if a horse measures 16 hands, it is 16×4 which is 64 inches tall.

Did You Know..?Hyracotherium was one of the first horses that lived about 50 million years ago. They are adorable creatures and should be taken care of, as they deserve it.

? Horses, zebras and donkeys belong to the same genus, and hence can breed with one another! A cross between a horse and a zebra, is known as a zebroid, or zorse. Some of them live for 40 years or more but these cases are not very common. The first species is extinct, while the second is a rare species.

Special Mentions

? Old Billy was the oldest recorded horse who lived to the ripe old age of 62!

? Falabella of Argentina, is the smallest breed of horses. About 4.6 million people are a part of the horse industry (includes owners, full-time and part-time employees, service providers, and volunteers). They sleep only 3 – 4 hours per day!

By 3000 B.C., this majestic beast was completely tamed and domesticated, and now only 1 wild subspecies of horse exists, which too, has been declared “rare”. Ponies live longer than horses.

? First off, let’s see the terminology associated with the horse:Foal – Male or female horse less than 1 year old.

Yearling – Male or female horse between 1 and 2 years old.

Colt & Filly – Colt is a male horse between 2 and 4 years old, while a filly is a female horse between 2 and 4 years old.

Mare – A female horse older than 4 years.

Gelding & Stallion – Gelding is a castrated male horse older than 4 years, while a stallion is a non-castrated male horse older than 4 years.

? A horse is a member of the “equus” family.

? Foals have milk teeth, just like human babies. One is located directly in front of them while the other is located directly behind.

? There are more than 350 breeds of horses in the world!

The horse industry is very important in America for various reasons. To be more specific, the offspring of a stallion and female donkey is a hinny, while the offspring of a mare and male donkey is a jack. If it rests its head on your shoulder, it means that he/she trusts you.

? A horse’s mood usually mirrors the emotions of its owner. It grows throughout its life and needs to be clipped regularly so that it does not cause discomfort to the horse. GDP is more than a 100 billion US dollars! In terms of taxes, the horse industry pays almost $2 billion to the government! In a nutshell, horses are important – for various reasons.

Here are some more interesting facts about these beautiful creatures… A horse’s teeth can give a good estimate of its age!

? A little about their head markings:

A narrow white mark, which runs down the face from the forehead, is called a Stripe.

A white mark, which covers one or both the lips and proceeds up to the nostrils, is called a White Muzzle.

A broad splash of white that covers most parts of the forehead between the eyes and carries, right down the nose to the muzzle is called a Blaze.

Any kind of mark, which appears on the forehead of a horse, is called a Star, irrespective of whether it resembles one.

? A horse has 4 gaits:Walk (2 beats) – The average walking speed of a horse is 4 – 5 miles per hour.

Trot/Jog (2 beats) – 8 – 12 miles per hour is the average speed at which a horse trots.

Lope/Canter (3 beats) – A horse can canter at an average of 12 – 16 miles per hour.

Gallop – Horses can gallop at 26 – 32 miles per hour.

Besides this, some horses have a varied gait referred to as ambling.

? The height of a horse is measured using the unit, “hand”, where one hand equals four inches.

? If you hold your hand out to a horse and it approaches you, while then blowing warm air onto the palm of your hand, it means that he/she wants to be friends with you.

In the beginning, horses were wild animals. If you are in a bad mood, your horse may act out, but if you are in a good mood your horse will be well-behaved and easy to work with.

? In most cases, the foal (young horse) is born at night, away from danger and prying eyes.

? Horses use their facial expressions to communicate. The leading cause of death in horses is reported to be colic.

? Only two subspecies of horses have never been domesticated. A cross between a donkey and zebra is known as a zedonk.

? Within a couple of hours after being born, a foal can stand and walk!

? Horses cannot vomit, and hence digestion problems could be fatal to a horse. Around 3500 B.C., things changed and people began taming horses and using them to carry things, instead of only hunting them for meat. ? A year is added to a horse’s birthday on January 1st (Northern Hemisphere) and on August 1st (southern hemisphere) irrespective of their actual birth date. The horse industry provides around 5 lac full-time job opportunities, with almost 8 lac employees (full-time and part-time). It is called Equinophobia.

? A horse has two blind spots.

? Some people have a fear of horses. At around age 3, these start getting replaced by permanent teeth. Their actual birth date is considered only when they are going to be used for endurance riding.

? Little Pumpkin is the smallest pony in history – it stood high at 14 inches and weighed 20 lbs.

? Poe, a horse who lives in Ontario, Canada, is reported to be the tallest horse, measuring 20.2h at the withers! He stands almost 10 feet tall when he’s holding his head high!

? A horse’s head weighs 11.84 pounds on an average, while its heart can weigh an amazing 10 pounds.

? Horses can sleep lying down as well as standing up. Equus caballus, is a term given to modern-day horses. This word originates from the Greek dialect, and means ‘quickness’. Rather, they sleep sporadically throughout the day in 10 – 15 minute spells.

? The hoof of a horse is like a fingernail. It had 4-toed front feet and 3-toed hind feet, and resembled a fox more than the horse of today.

The prehistoric horse, Hyracotherium, went through innumerable transformations over millions of years to become the modern one-toed horse. The goods and services of the horse industry amount to around $40 billion and its impact on the U.S. A farrier or blacksmith is the person who cares for a horse’s feet.

? Horses usually live for around 25 to 35 years. They are Tarpan Horse and Przewalski’s Horse. Even the three hours of sleep is not taken at a stretch. They do not grow more than 30 inches in height.

? A fully grown 1000 lb horse will eat anywhere between 16 – 26 lb of food, and drink 10 – 12 gal of water!

? Of all land-dwelling mammals, horses have the largest eyes, and since they are located on either side of its head, they have almost 360º vision! They can see different things with each eye!

Interesting Facts About Horses. Their moods can be determined with the help of their nostrils, eyes and ears.

? Horses cannot sleep more than 3 hours per day

How the Sports Betting Line is Made by RJ Bell

For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”

Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines.

Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public. Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game.

Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather. In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action.

Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game. . By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game. If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias.

Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC)

Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach.

Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision.

The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations.

Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game

A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks. Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created.

“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”

Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10). Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years.

How the Opening Line Is Made

Why the Line Changes

“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said. In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf).

The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor). That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides.

What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?

“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said. Reasons for such adjustments include:

Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. Contributed by:

There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by.

Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line. This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”

The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action. For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’)